Allahabad High Court or the High court of Judicature at Allahabad is a high court based in Allahabad (Prayagraj) that has jurisdiction over the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It was established on 17th March 1866, making it the fourth high court to be established in India.
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Allahabad becomes the seat of Government of North-Western Provinces and a High court was established in 1834 but was shifted to Agra within a year. In 1868, it again got shifted back to Allahabad. The location of the Allahabad High Court was in the Accountant General’s office at the University of Allahabad complex. It was founded as the High court of Judicature for the North-Western Provinces at Agra on 17th march 1866 by the Indian High Courts Act 1861, which replaces the old “Sadr Diwani Adalat”. In the court, Sir Walter Morgan, who was Barrister-at-law and Mr. Simpson were appointed as the first Chief Justice and the first Registrar respectively of the High Court of the North-Western Provinces.
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By the Indian High Courts Act passed by the British Parliament in 1861, provision was made, not only for the replacement of the Supreme Courts of Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay. For the establishment of the High Court by Letters patent in any other part of Her Majesty’s territories not already included in the jurisdiction of another High Court. The seat of the High Court for the North-Western Provinces was shifted from Agra to Allahabad in 1869 and its designation was altered to ‘the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad’ i.e, Allahabad High Court by a supplementary Letters patent issued on March 11, 1919. The seat of the High Court for the North-Western Provinces was shifted from Agra to Allahabad. The Oudh Chief Court at Lucknow, replacing the Oudh Judicial Commissioner’s court, was established on November 2, 1925, not by Letters patent but by the Oudh Civil Courts Act, IV of 1925, enacted by the U.P. Legislature with the previous sanction of the Governo-General to the passing of this act, as required by the Government of India Act, 1919.
Currently, the number of Judge strength in the court is around 160.
Recently the Allahabad High Court has decided to hear the cases Digitally from 6th July, due to ongoing pandemic.
Currently, Honourable Justice Mr. Govind Mathur is the chairperson of the court. Also, almost 74 judges are present in the Allahabad High Court branch.
High Court has almost 42 Lakhs pending cases collectively. Out of which the Allahabad High court has almost 7.2 lakh pending cases. Second, the list is Rajsthan with almost 4.2 lakh pending cases. This number is as per the 31st of January. Total pending cases are distributed in different sectors and segments in which the cases are pending, Secondary education has almost 17911 cases, revenue 58308 cases, urban development has 11139 cases, food, civil supply has 6970 cases, medical health has 5445 cases, Panchayati raj has 5312 cases, higher education has 4933 cases, and finance has 4914 pending cases and so on.
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