The Kerguelen Islands, also known as the Desolation Islands are considered to be one of the most isolated islands in the World. Located in the Southern Indian Ocean, the Islands are remote but magnificent. The desolate islands of France are a remnant of a long-lost continent that was once about a third the size of Australia. Kerguelen has no permanent human inhabitants. Several research stations are maintained by France, which are devoted to satellite and rocket tracking. Principal activities on the Kerguelen Islands focus on scientific research, mostly earth sciences and biology.
The climate here is cold and extremely windswept. The average annual temperature is 4.9 °C (40.8 °F) with an annual range of around 6 °C (11 °F). The warmest months of the year include January and February, with average temperatures between 7.8 and 8.2 °C (46.0 and 46.8 °F).The coldest month here is August. The plant life in this area is limited to grasses, lichens and mosses. The wildlife consists of a variety of cats which survive on sea birds. There are rare occasions of tourists visiting the islands. The area has no permanent inhabitants and the population of 70 in winter increases to 110 in summer.