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Let Us Know About The History Of Republic Day

The democratic country of India shall mark its69th Republic Day. It is indeed a day of pride for all the Indians worldwide irrespective of their current location. In current times, many people mark this day as the colorful parade conducted in New Delhi. On this day 69 years ago, independent India officially adopted the constitution of the nation. Constitution is an official guiding document and was declared as an independent republic.

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Long year ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom” was the speech delivered by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru in the Indian Constituent Assembly on the evening of our independence day. Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of independent India. He welcomed the air filled with freedom and life with every joyous Indian who has sacrificed their happiness and even lives for this freedom.

Unfortunately, freedom to India came alone without the democracy. Even after the independence, India was still a monarchy under King George VI. That means the Indian still did not have any right to run the country on their own or elect their leaders. All of this was due to an absence of an official constitution.

However, Indians did not gave up and exactly after two and a half years from the day of independence, the constitution of Indi was drafted and approved on the day of 26th January,1950. This made India one of the largest populations in the world. From this day India was no more a monarchy and was declaring as the Republic of India. We all celebrate republic day in order to honor this historic day.

India got independence on the day of 15th August, 1947. It got independence according to the historic act formulated for the same purpose called as the Indian Independence Act of 1947. It is basically an act of the UK parliament which divided the then called British India into two major parts. Though India became independent but was officially a part of the monarchy of King George VI. He was the head at that time and Governor General was Earl Mountbtten. India didn’t have any official constitution of its own and was managed according to the Government of India Act of 1935.

It was then, that the urgency of having an independent constitution was felt and Dr. B R Ambedkar took the onus of drafting a constitution for the independent India. The entire committee worked with full dedication for several months and the first draft was submitted on 4th November 1947. You must be wondering why a specific date of 26th January was selected as the Republic Day of India? There is an interesting reason behind that. During the session of Lahore conducted by the Indian National Congress in the year o 1929, it was for the first time that an independent constitution was demanded by the people of the country. After this the day of 26th Jaunuary 1930 was declared as the day of Poorna Swaraj Diwas. Therefore this date was selected to honor the constitution of independent India and called as Republic Day.


This was the day when the monarchy system was completely removed from India. Not only was this, on 26th January, 1950, India was also declared as the secular, democratic, socialist and sovereign. The constitution also gave rights of equality and liberty to each and every citizen of independent India.

With the declaration of India being Republic, Indians were assured that now they can enjoy the fundamental rights given to everyone. This day holds a great significance in the lives of every citizen of India. We got the opportunity to practice democracy and choose our leaders. We were no more the slaves of the Britishers and can take our decisions and make our choices. Al the Indians has the right to equality and equal law. In other words law shall be equal for every citizen residing in the country.  We should always be indebted to all our freedom fighters who have taken the initiatives to initiate the independence movement.

If they were not the ones who have taken all the pains, then we would have still been under the monarchy system. On the Republic Day Celebrations a fascinating parade is being held at the capital city of Delhi. It includes social performances by the army, navy and air force of India. All the independent states in India also come up with their troops to display their patriotism.

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